Thoughts from a new economies’ attorney: patterns that create different kinds of (business) ownership – traditional capital investment

If you are reading this post, chances are you are an innovator, you are looking for guidance on alternative business forms, you run or are part of a mission-driven organization, you are considering adopting democratic governance models in your business or nonprofit, or some combination of those. I have to alert you that this is …

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Mandatory Business Owner Reporting

The federal government has passed some new legislation that will require small businesses to report personal information about the business’s owners to a database controlled by the Securities Exchange Commission.  The legislation is called the Corporate Transparency Act (the “Act”), adopted as Title LXIV (64) of the 2021 National Defense Authorization Act.  The purpose of …

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Updates to PPP under the Economic Aid Act

The Economic Aid Act, passed on December 27th, 2020, expanded the Paycheck Protection Program created by the CARES Act. The Economic Aid Act authorized $284 billion in new funds for first draw and second draw funds of PPP. The Small Business Administration (SBA) and U.S. Treasury have issued new guidance on how the changes will …

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Voting Structures for Businesses

All corporations and cooperatives have some sort of democratic model for decision making. There are two major voting structures for all businesses. The first: “one share, one vote;” means that an investor gets one vote for each share of a company they own. The second: “one member, one vote;” means that each cooperative member or …

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Capital Basics: Five Categories of Financing

The Jason Wiener, p.c. blog has a significant and growing section on raising capital for a business. This post will go back to the basics and briefly describe the five categories of financing: debt, equity, convertible debt, grants, and rewards-based fundraising. Most types of fundraising fall within one or more of these areas. Debt: Debt …

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Use of the term “Cooperative”

Edited June 26th, 2020: An earlier version of this blog post implied that only organizations incorporated as cooperatives under Massachusetts law may use the word “cooperative.” This post has been edited to accurately reflect that other businesses may use the term if they distribute earnings consistent with cooperative law. Entity formation is often the first …

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Black Lives Matter. Period.

Credit – LA Johnson/NPR Black Lives Matter and we stand in solidarity with the Movement for Black Lives.  Period. We stand with those taking to the streets to voice the collective pain from and intolerance of, as well as demand reform of police tactics that direct violence at Black people, Indigenous people, and People of …

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