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General legal help

Federal Trade Commission Issues Final Rule Banning Non-Competition Agreements

On April 23, 2024, the Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) issued the Non-Compete Clause Rule (“Final Rule”) prohibiting non-competition agreements  nationwide.[1] Noncompetition agreements (“non-competes”) generally are provisions in contracts whereby an employee agrees not to enter into competition with an employer after their employment period with that employer is over. While state statutes have targeted non-competes …

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Compliance Spotlight for 501(c)(3) Nonprofits: Avoiding Private Benefit or Private Inurement Issues

It takes a lot of planning, thoughtfulness, and attention to technical detail to become a 501(c)(3) public charity[1]. These organizations have applied for and received tax-exempt status under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code (the “I.R.C.”) which means they are eligible for exemption from paying federal corporate income tax and are typically also eligible …

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Department of Labor Issues New Final Rule (2024) to Clarify Employee vs. Independent Contractor Status under FLSA

We previously wrote on the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL)’s 2021 rule publication regarding classification of employees and independent contractors in the context of gig workers. The DOL has again published a new final rule clarifying the test for determining the status of a worker as an employee or an independent contractor. For any business …

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Reflections on Co-op Cincy and Cooperative Professionals Guild Conferences in 2023

I recently attended two cooperative-related professional events in 2023: the Co-op Cincy Union Co-op Symposium and the Cooperative Professionals Guild Conference. As someone relatively new to practicing law in the cooperative movement space, I wanted to share my reflections and thoughts following these very inspiring experiences. By starting as an associate attorney with JWPC in …

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Patrons, Patronizing, Patronage Dividend

These are all terms used in the cooperative business community and sometimes their meanings are unclear or jumbled.  This blog will discuss the definitions of these terms with examples of how they are used by different types of cooperatives. A patron patronizes a cooperative and receives a patronage dividend at the end of the year.  …

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Updated Section 1042 Tax Benefits

There is a section of the Internal Revenue Code (IRC) that provides some tax benefits for people who sell their companies to either an ESOP or to a worker cooperative. This blog will explain how 1042 provides tax advantages when selling to a cooperative.  If you are thinking of becoming employee-owned or selling your business to …

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